A sore throat is an inflammation of the pharynx and tonsils. The pharynx is located behind the mouth and acts as a passage for food and air. The tonsils are found on the base of the tongue and can be vulnerable to viruses or bacteria. When they are affected by inflammation, they produce a soreness in the throat that is experienced when swallowing saliva or drinking.
The prime causes of sore throats are viruses. These are the same viruses that are responsible for colds or respiratory illnesses. One virus known to produce severe throat is infectious mononucleosis. The symptoms of a sore throat include drooling, spitting, difficult, redness of the oropharynx, or pus on the surface of the tonsils.
You should seek medical care when the condition may indicate a bacterial infection. West Hills Urgent Care specializes in providing relief for sore throat symptoms and infections. Some of the pain may not be effectively treated by over-the-counter medications, so it is important to contact a health care professional in these cases. Signs of a more severe infection include dehydration, sleepy facial appearance, or muscle weakness.
Antibiotics can be used to treat bacterial infections. For sore throat caused by viral infections, you need consistent supportive care. Drink warm water and other clean fluids to keep your throat hydrated. Stay comfortable and take medications to relieve the symptoms. Sore throats generally disappear on their own after 2-4 weeks.